Via Mind Hacks, this article gives you a very good overview of the possibilities of predicting the folks who are high risk and low risk to do things wrong over and over (not talking about CA here--that's a whole state and another story). There are identifiable brain responses in the two types, as the experiments described indicate.
All of the subjects in this experiment were healthy university students. This is important because it means that even those at the extremes of the impulsivity scale were in the normal range. None were in jail, for example, and it's unlikely many are heading there. But those with this early antisocial bent could well be heading toward some difficulties in life. Other EEG studies have linked the same weakened electrical pulse to a deficit in such traits as sense of duty, responsibility and reliability. Such personality deficits may not be pathological, but they reflect a lack of conscientiousness about detail that makes for less than ideal workers, spouses and citizens.
Or, uh, "law-abiders."
The author didn't really relate it to technocorrections, but it doesn't take much smarts. If you can build profiles of brains of people with low capacity to learn from mistakes (like punishments) compared to high capacity, then, yeah, you might be able to be positively preemptive but the urge to do so negatively will be really high, too. Do I need to repeat how much we need to be talking about these things sooner rather than later?