Monday, November 05, 2007

Shooting Up Road Signs

Was always one of the more popular recreational activities in the rural area of OK where I taught for 17 years. We do tend to focus so much on urban ills that we overlook the real, if lesser scale, problems in these less populated areas. But these folks feed into our corr sent problems and issues, too.

Warnings that alcohol and driving don't mix are generally targeted at adults or high school students, but a new University of Georgia study finds that some middle schoolers in rural areas are drinking and driving as well.

Researchers, whose results appear in the November issue of the journal Accident Analysis and Prevention, surveyed 290 middle school students in the Mississippi Delta and found that 17 percent had driven an automobile after drinking. The study was limited to one school so lead author Jessica Muilenburg, assistant professor in the UGA College of Public Health, cautions against drawing too broad a conclusion. Still, she said she hopes her findings will spur more research and awareness into a dangerous behavior that until now has been overlooked.

"No one thought to look at risky driving behaviors in kids who weren't old enough to drive," Muilenburg said. "We assume that because it's illegal for them to have a license that they don't drive -- even though we know they're doing other illegal things such as drinking."

Muilenburg said that early alcohol use and other risky behaviors, such as smoking, tend to be more prevalent in rural areas where there's simply not as much to do outside of school. She adds that rural youth tend to be more familiar with motorized vehicles such as ATVs and farm equipment and have the opportunity to drive cars or trucks on family farms or back roads where they're not likely to be noticed.
In Muilenburg's sample, 61 percent of the students had drank "more than a few sips" of alcohol. That figure is similar to a 2006 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention study that found that 65 percent of eighth graders have consumed alcohol more than once. A 2005 study found that eight percent of seventh graders and 17 percent of eighth graders reported binge drinking (more than five drinks in one sitting) at least once in the past 12 months.
Muilenburg said that there's currently not enough data on the prevalence of drinking and driving among middle schoolers to recommend specific prevention efforts. She said she wants her study to lay the foundation for larger studies that can give public health officials a sense of how widespread the problem is.

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