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Ann Wolbert Burgess; Michael Lamport Commons; Mark E. Safarik; Ruthann Rockwell Looper; Sara Nora Ross
Sex Offenders of the Elderly: Classification by Motive, Typology, and Predictors of Severity of Crime
Aggression and Violent Behavior Volume:12 Issue:5 Dated:September-October 2007 Pages:582 to 597
In studying a sample of convicted sex offenders of elderly victims, this study sought to provide an understanding of the motive behind committing such a heinous crime. The opportunistic and non-sadistic rapists committed the lowest level crimes of no penetration. Offenders classified as pervasive anger and vindictive had the highest severity of crime scores and committed the full range of crimes from no penetration to multiple rapes and murders. The predicting factors by severity of crime were expressive aggression, mood state-anger, victim restrained, and offense planning. Continued research is recommended on gerontophilia to discern if this behavior constitutes a paraphilia. The rape or sexual assault of an elder is a felony. A common question that arises when describing elder rape victims is one that focuses on the offender’s motive for committing such a heinous crime. In an attempt to answer this question, a sample of 77 convicted sex offenders of elderly victims was classified by severity of and motivation for the crime. Tables, references
Robert A. Kirchner; Thomas R. Kirchner
Successful Implementation of a Model Juvenile Treatment Court Program: Anne Arundel County, MD Juvenile Treatment Court Program Producing Community Outcomes
Glacier Consulting, Inc.
This is a summary report of a process and outcome evaluation of the Anne Arundel County Juvenile Treatment Court (Maryland), which is a specialty court for youth with drug use as a factor in their delinquent behavior. The process evaluation found that the Anne Arundel County Juvenile Treatment Court (AACJTC) has continued to improve its operation over the 5 years of its existence, becoming more cost-effective during the last 3 years than in its first 2 years of operation. The outcome evaluation shows that the AACJTC has reduced reoffending. Only 8.6 percent of the youth processed have reoffended through March 2007, which is a significant improvement over the 31-percent reoffending rate in February 2005. The average juvenile drug offender reoffends at a 78-percent rate. The AACJTC has also been successful in retaining clients in treatment; a 68.5-percent retention rate continues to be met, which far exceeds the average 28-percent retention rate reported in research on substance abuse treatment programs. The program has produced 55 graduates as of March 5, 2007, with a doubling of the number of graduates in the past 12 months. Program components and achievements that have contributed to an effective program include judicial review with cooperative input from all drug court team members; improved delivery of Moral Reconation Therapy, a cognitive behavioral therapy that has proven effective in accelerating a client's recovery; strength-based approaches to programming; supervision supported by juvenile probation services; a custom-designed management information system; parent/guardian and family therapy; community partnerships; and cost-saving through reductions in confinement time. The process and outcome evaluation was conducted from March 2002 to March 2007. 1 table and 3 figures